A rising issue in america is obesity. Nearly two-thirds of adult americans are overweight or obese. Obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. There Unlike other public health issues, making only one policy will not work. Policy actions to reduce obesity should target the food environments, and physical activity environments. While being obese is ultimately an individual’s choice, certain environments can be changed to reduce the obesity epidemic.
What is obesity?
Overweight and obesity are calculated by based on a scale called Body Mass Index. The BMI is a ratio of weight-to-height. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults with a BMI less than 25 are considered normal weight. A BMI of 30 or more is considered obese. This tool is okay in calculating for obesity, but the best method is “waist circumference”. Here is an adult table:
Obesity can cause numerous health consequences. You get tired more often. You have less energy.Type II diabetes has the strongest association with obesity. Cardiovascular diseases are known to be linked to obesity. In the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, which assessed the association between obesity and cardiovascular disease in 6,814 people aged 45 to 84 years, showed that a higher BMI was associated with the disease. The World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research recently reported evidence that overweight and obesity increased the risk of cancers of the esophagus, pancreas, colon and rectum, breast, and kidney.
Causes of Obesity:
There is no single cause for obesity. Obesity can develop from a number of reasons. Obesity can be caused by genetics, hormones, social and environmental factors, inactive lifestyles, unhealthy dietary habits and everything in between. However, the most probable cause of obesity the economy. When a government’s economy is failing, social inequalities become greater. Lower class citizens can not afford to buy healthy foods and unhealthy foods are cheaper and more accessible. High intake of energy foods such as sugar is a major cause of obesity as well. Studies have shown that sugar can be as addictive as drugs. Food labels are not required to put the daily recommendation of sugar. This is a big problem because sugar is what is causing many people to gain excessive weight, even if they are exercising. Sugar products are the most advertised by companies because they know, sugar sells. For example in 12 oz of soda, there is 10 grams of sugar. In 12 oz of orange juice is 8 teaspoons of sugar. A starbucks frappuccino has 25 tsp of sugar (100 grams). Only 1 in 6 schools require P.E. 3 days a week or more. Today there is no federal requirement for PE in america. If we contiue how we are going, health
To stop the rising american obesity epidemic, I am proposing a law that
K-12 PE daily in all schools
Requires all food corporations and industries to advertise healthy foods for every unhealthy food.
Schools are required to teach Healthy eating at each grade level.
All schools will follow healthy eating program
1 hour of recess at school
Sugar beverages cannot be advertised
How it will be implemented:
FDA will approve it.
By the government and law. All schools will be required to follow the same lunch program and food regulations policy. All food stores will have to follow the same Healthy advertising regulations. They will not be permitted to put unhealthy foods in the reach of children. Nor display candy at checkout stations. Schools will be required to have 1 hour of recess. Kids have fun playing, while exercising. All television advertisements will have to follow healthy advertising policy. Fines will be given to Idustries that break the policies by the FDA.
Long/short term implications of how the proposal will affect the global and local community:
Connection between the problem and the solution:
The problem is obesity. Obesity is caused by the consumption of unhealthy food. The question is: What is healthy food? Healthy food should not be defined by the company that makes it, it should be defined by the FDA. Companies say that there foods are healthy when they know they are not. Companies should not be able to advertise food using animated cartoons and famous celebrities because it tricks children because they do not know any better. Parents do not have an easy task on keeping their children healthy. With all the advertising, it is no wonder why obesity has tripled in past 3 decades. Industry does not want a compromise. What needs to be made is a strong set of regulations on advertising and sales on unhealthy food. This will cause obesity to decrease. Physical exercise has been shown to make you smarter.